Sir Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641) was the greatest painter in seventeenth-century Britain. Van Dyck and Britain will reveal the Flemish artist’s unique impact on British cultural life, from the reign of Charles I onwards. This visually sumptuous exhibition will bring together some of the finest and most magnificent paintings that van Dyck produced during his years in Britain. It will also demonstrate his continuing visual legacy through portraits by artists from the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries, including Sir Joshua Reynolds and John Singer Sargent.
Van Dyck was born and trained in the major art centre of Antwerp. He made a brief initial visit to London in 1620-21 before returning in 1632 to become the outstanding painter at the art-enthusiastic court of King Charles I. Intensely ambitious and hugely productive, he re-invented portrait painting in Britain, retaining his pre-eminence until his premature death at his house in Blackfriars in 1641, at the age of 42. Working in a period of intense political ferment during the run-up to the British Civil Warthat was to result in the execution of Charles I, his principal patron, van Dyck portrayed many of the main protagonists of the period. His iconic portraits of King Charles I have shaped our view of the Stuart monarchy while the compositions he used were to influence subsequent generations of British painters.
The exhibition will explore the context of van Dyck’s principal English works, examining his innovative approach to painting the British elite – a creative synthesis of his Antwerp baroque training and his intensive study of Italian, and especially Venetian, painting. It will look at van Dyck’s use of costume and his luscious, sparkling depiction of the rich fabrics of the period. It will also look at the ways in which he was influenced by the types of portrait that he found in Britain already.
The exhibition is presented in association with the National Trust which is lending eight works. It will also feature important loans from The Royal Collection and private lenders both in Britain and overseas: portraits, subject paintings, miniatures, drawings, textiles and engravings. Highlights will include royal portraits such as ‘The Great Piece’ – Charles I and Henrietta Maria and their two eldest children 1632, Charles I on Horseback with M. de St Antoine 1633 (both from The Royal Collection), Charles II as Prince of Wales in Armour c.1637-8 (Private Collection), full-length portraits such as Lucy Percy, Countess of Carlisle 1637 (Private Collection), the beautiful and rarely exhibited late Self-portrait c.1640 (Private Collection), and van Dyck’s so-called friendship portraits such as Self-Portrait with Endymion Porter c.1633 (Museo del Prado, Madrid) and Mountjoy Blount, 1st Earl of Newport and George, Lord Goring c.1639 (National Trust, Petworth). The exhibition will include more than 130 exhibits, with around 60 works by van Dyck. It will also look at van Dyckian works by later artists including Reynolds, Thomas Gainsborough, Sargent, and Philip de Làszlò.
The exhibition is curated by Karen Hearn, Curator of 16th and 17th Century British Art at Tate, with contributions from internal and external scholars. A fully illustrated catalogue published by Tate Publishing will accompany the exhibition and will include contributions from Professor Kevin Sharpe, Dr Christopher Breward, Dr Christopher Brown, Dr Emilie Gordenker, and Dr Simon Turner.