Art Term

Black Mountain College

Black Mountain College was a highly influential college founded at Black Mountain, North Carolina, USA, in 1933 where teaching was experimental and committed to an interdisciplinary approach

Kenneth Noland, ‘Gift’ 1961–2
Kenneth Noland
Gift 1961–2
Tate
© The estate of Kenneth Noland /VAGA, New York/DACS, London 2017

The college’s progressive principles were based on the educational theories of John Rice, its founder. In the curriculum, drama, music and fine art were given equal status to all other academic subjects. Teaching was informal and stress was laid on communal living and outdoor activities. Most of the work of running the college and maintaining the buildings was done by students and faculty. Black Mountain quickly became an extraordinary powerhouse of modern culture in America.

Its board of advisers included Albert Einstein, and among its teachers were some of the greatest luminaries of modern American culture. They included the founder of the Bauhaus, architect Walter Gropius, and Bauhaus teacher Josef Albers, who had fled Nazi Germany after the closure of the Bauhaus that same year and became one of the first teachers at the college.

In 1949 Albers and others left as a result of internal divisions. The College was reconstituted under the poet Charles Olson but eventually closed in 1953.

RELATED TERMS AND CONCEPTS

Art Term

Bauhaus

Bauhaus was a revolutionary school of art, architecture and design established by Walter Gropius at Weimar in Germany in 1919

Art Term

Abstract expressionism

Abstract expressionism is the term applied to new forms of abstract art developed by American painters such as Jackson Pollock ...

EXPLORE THIS TERM

Blog

Performance Art 101: The Black Mountain College, John Cage & Merce Cunningham

In celebration of The Tanks, Tate Modern's dedicated spaces for exhibiting live art, performance, installation and film works, we ...

SELECTED ARTISTS IN THE COLLECTION