The movement was founded by the artist and teacher Ivan Serpa in Rio de Janeiro in 1954. Many of the artists associated with Grupo Frente were former pupils of Serpa at the Museum of Modern Art of Rio de Janeiro. Although the group was associated with concrete art, they were not characterised by any single stylistic position rather they were united in their rejection of modernist Brazilian painting. Some of the artists associated with the group, including Lygia Clark and Lygia Pape went on to form the hugely influential neo-concrete movement in 1958.
Artists associated with Grupo Frente include Aluísio Carvão, Carlos Val, Décio Vieira, João José da Silva Costa, Lygia Clark, Lygia Pape and Vicent Ibberson.