Salon

Originally the name of the official art exhibitions organised by the French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture (Académie Royale ...

Sampling

In its most basic form sampling simply re-processes existing culture, usually technologically, in much the same way a collage does

School of Altamira

Avant-garde art school (Academia Altamira) in Buenos Aires, Argentina, founded in 1946 with the aim of promoting the idea that ...

School of London

School of London was a term invented by artist R.B. Kitaj to describe a group of London-based artists who ...

School of Paris

In the early years of the twentieth century, Paris became a magnet for artists from all over the world and ...

Scottish Colourists

Group of four Scottish artists, who were among the first to introduce the intense colour of the French fauve movement ...

Screenprint

A variety of stencil printing, using a screen made from fabric (silk or synthetic) stretched tightly over a frame

Sculpture

Three-dimensional art made by one of four basic processes: carving, modelling, casting, constructing

Scuola romana

Scuola romana (School of Rome) is an umbrella term for the artists based in Rome, or having close links with ...

Secession

The breaking away of younger and more radical artists from an existing academy or art group to form a new ...

Serial art

Serial art is art that adheres to a strict set of rules to determine its composition or to determine a ...

Significant form

Term coined by art critic Clive Bell in 1914 to describe the idea that the form of an artwork or ...

Simulacrum

A term from Greek Platonic philosophy that meant a copy of a copy of an ideal form

Simultanism

Term invented by artist Robert Delaunay to describe the abstract painting developed by him and his wife Sonia Delaunay from ...

Site-specific

The term site-specific refers to a work of art designed specifically for a particular location and that has an interrelationship ...

Situationist International

Revolutionary alliance of European avant-garde artists, writers and poets formed at a conference in Italy in 1957 (as Internationale Situationiste ...

Social realism

Refers to any realist painting that also carries a clearly discernible social or political comment

Social sculpture

Social sculpture is a theory developed by the artist Joseph Beuys in the 1970s based on the concept that everything ...

Social turn

Social turn was first used in 2006 to describe the recent return to socially engaged art that is collaborative, often ...

Socialist realism

A form of modern realism imposed in Russia by Stalin following his rise to power after the death of Lenin ...

Socially engaged practice

Socially engaged practice describes art that is collaborative, often participatory and involves people as the medium or material of the ...

Solarisation

Technique that involves exposing a partially developed photograph to light, before continuing processing, creating halo-like effects

Sound art

Art which uses sound both as its medium (what it is made out of) and as its subject (what it ...

Spazialismo

Italian movement started by the Argentine-born Italian artist Lucio Fontana in 1947 who, in its manifesto, stated that art should ...

Spiral

Spiral was a New York based African American collective formed in 1963 with the aim of addressing how African American ...

St Ives School

Although they did not see themselves as part of a group or school, the term St Ives School is often ...

St John’s Wood clique

A loose association of painters who lived in the St John’s Wood area of London in the 1870s and 1880s ...

Stars group

Stars group were a short-lived avant-garde group of self-taught artists operating in Beijing between 1979 and 1983, staging outdoor exhibitions ...

Still life

One of the principal genres (subject types) of Western art – essentially, the subject matter of a still life painting ...

Street art

Street art is related to graffiti art in that it is created in public locations and is usually unsanctioned, but ...

Stuckism

Founded by Billy Childish and Charles Thomson in 1999, Stuckism is an art movement that is anti-conceptual and champions figurative ...

Subjective photography

Subjective photography was an international movement founded in Germany by the photographer Otto Steinert in 1951 which championed photography that ...

Sublime

Theory developed by Edmund Burke in the mid eighteenth century, where he defined sublime art as art that refers to ...

Supra-sensorial

Supra-sensorial is a term devised by the Brazilian artist Hélio Oiticica to describe the experience of being in one of ...

Suprematism

Name given by the Russian artist Kasimir Malevich to the abstract art he developed from 1913 characterised by basic geometric ...

Surrealism

A twentieth-century literary, philosophical and artistic movement that explored the workings of the mind, championing the irrational, the poetic and ...

Symbolism

Late nineteenth-century movement that advocated the expression of an idea over the realistic description of the natural world

Synaesthesia

Synaesthesia (or synesthesia) is a neurological condition in which the stimulation of a sense (like touch or hearing) leads involuntarily ...

Synthetic cubism

Synthetic cubism is the later phase of cubism, generally considered to run from about 1912 to 1914, characterised by simpler ...

Synthetism

Term associated with the style of symbolic representation adopted by Paul Gauguin and his followers in the 1880s characterised by ...

Systems art

Loosely describes a group of radical artists working in the late 1960s early 1970s who reacted against art’s traditional ...