Austrian sculptor, medallist and painter, born in Vienna. Studied under the sculptor Hellmer at the Vienna Academy, and under Schaper and von Werner at the Academy in Berlin. Won the Rome Prize in 1891 and spent 1891-7 in Rome. Then lived in London 1897-1915, receiving many commissions from society and aristocratic patrons, including Queen Victoria and King Edward VII; designed, among other things, the King Edward VII postage stamps and the Coronation medal. Made portrait busts, medals, statuettes, memorials, etc. First began to work in oil in 1897, under the guidance of Sargent, and subsequently painted many portraits of English and American sitters. First one-man exhibition at the Grafton Galleries, London, 1902. Settled in New York in 1915. Autobiography With Pencil, Brush and Chisel published 1925. Died in New York.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, pp.227-8