Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

1880–1938

Biography

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (6 May 1880 – 15 June 1938) was a German expressionist painter and printmaker and one of the founders of the artists group Die Brücke or "The Bridge", a key group leading to the foundation of Expressionism in 20th-century art. He volunteered for army service in the First World War, but soon suffered a breakdown and was discharged. In 1933, his work was branded as "degenerate" by the Nazis and in 1937, over 600 of his works were sold or destroyed. In 1938, he committed suicide by gunshot.

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Artworks

Features

Art Term

Brücke

Brücke was a German expressionist group founded in Dresden in 1905 which developed a radical anti-traditional style characterised by vivid ...

Tate Etc

The year of living dangerously – and anxiously Etc. Essay: Art at the crossroads

The author of the celebrated book 1913: The Year Before the Storm chooses two works from the Tate collection that ...

Tate Etc

Everything is illuminated Document: Künstlergruppe Brücke

In 1905 four young Dresden art students, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Erich Heckel and Fritz Bleyl, set up the ...

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