STEPHEN SLAUGHTER 1697–1765
Portrait painter. Baptised at St Paul's, Covent Garden, 13 January 1697, attended Kneller's Academy 1712 (Vertue III, p.77 and VI, p.169). The Edward Slaughter recorded at the St Martin's Lane Academy in 1720 (Vertue VI, p.170) is probably his younger brother (see Burial Register of St Mary Abbots, Kensington, for 24 November 1773, and Slaughter's will of 1764/PCC Rushworth 198). According to Vertue ‘liv'd abroad, at Paris and Flanders near 17 years’, returning to England in 1732/3. Divided his time between Dublin and London throughout 1730s and 1740s; became Keeper and Surveyor of the King's Pictures in 1744. Executed murals of Spenser's Faerie Queene for the Chinese Temple at Stowe 1745. Shared his Kensington home with his brother and sisters (including his widowed sister the artist Mrs Judith Lewis) and died there 15 May 1765. Seems to have painted little after 1750.
LITERATURE A.C. Sewter, Connoisseur, CXX, 1948, p.10; Anne Crookshank & the Knight of Glin', The Painters of Ireland c.1660–1920, 1978, p.41
Elizabeth Einberg and Judy Egerton, The Age of Hogarth: British Painters Born 1675-1709, Tate Gallery Collections, II, London 1988