N01076 Self-Portrait of an Unknown Artist at the Age of Twenty-two ? c. 1740
Oil on canvas 749×619 (29 1/2×24 3/8), relined on canvas 769×639 (30 1/16×25 1/8), subject within feigned oval
Inscribed ‘Se ipse Pinxit. Aetat. 22’ b.l.
Purchased by the National Gallery 1879; transferred to the Tate Gallery 1919
PROVENANCE ...; Samuel Boddington; Lady Webster, by whose executors sold Christic's 9 June 1866 (302 as ‘Hogarth. Portrait of a gentleman, in a black dress and cap’) bt James Hughes Anderdon, by whose executors sold Christie's 30 May 1879 (87 as ‘Aikman. Portrait of a boy’) bt Barton for the National Gallery, and catalogued there as ‘Hamlet Winstanley. Portrait of the Artist (?)’
EXHIBITED Summer Exhibition of Paintings and Art, Longford Hall Art Gallery and Museum 1934 (61)
LITERATURE Catalogue of the British and Foreign Pictures, National Gallery, 1912, p.765, no.1076; Geoffrey Grigson, ‘George Stubbs, 1724–1806’, The Harp of Aeolus, 1947, p.14 n. 1
The inscription ‘Se ipse Pinxit. Aetat. 22’ lower left was revealed during restoration in 1981. One might reasonably have expected that the artist would have added a signature or at least a date, perhaps lower right, but there is no other inscription.
The portrait has been variously attributed in the past to Hogarth, Aikman (this attribution, as a portrait of Gay, is inscribed in pencil on the back of the relined canvas, presumably by J.H. Anderdon) and Winstanley. The National Gallery's attribution to Winstanley was presumably based on a fancied resemblance to Winstanley's self-portrait at an easel, engraved by John Faber Jnr in 1731; but no.6 does not seem to be painted in Winstanley's style, has no very close resemblance to Winstanley's features in Faber's engraving and does not include the two moles on the sitter's face which are a prominent feature of the ivory portrait bust of Winstanley signed ‘GVDR’ and dated 1740 (in the collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum, repr. Burlington Magazine, CXXIII, 1981, frontispiece and fig.103, noted on p.63)
It has also been noticed that no.6 bears some likeness in pose and features to the self-portrait (at an older age) by Arthur Pond, etching and drypoint, dated 1739 (repr. Louise Lippincott, Selling Art in Georgian London: The Rise of Arthur Pond, 1983, frontispiece); but no.6 is a work of considerable quality and Miss Lippincott considers (in correspondence and on visits to the Tate Gallery) that it is ‘much too good a painting to have been executed by Arthur Pond while in his twenties’. Possibly the unknown artist knew of Pond's self-portrait and modelled his own pose on it; he may also have been influenced by portraits and self-portraits by Jonathan Richardson Snr and Jnr.
Elizabeth Einberg and Judy Egerton, The Age of Hogarth: British Painters Born 1675-1709, Tate Gallery Collections, II, London 1988