The Jacobites aimed to reinstate James II and his descendants on the throne; the cause lasted from 1688 to the defeat of Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) at the battle of Culloden in 1746. Charles had crossed the border into England in 1745 with a large army gathered from Scotland. This painting shows a group of Scottish Jacobites meeting in secret to discuss the uprising. The danger of discovery is underlined by the dog on the left, alerted by a noise at the door. Such images echo the romantic image of Scotland popularised by the novels of Walter Scott.