John Singleton Copley
Study for ‘The Collapse of the Earl of Chatham’ c.1779

Artwork details

Study for ‘The Collapse of the Earl of Chatham’
Date c.1779
Medium Oil paint on canvas
Dimensions Support: 635 x 768 mm
frame: 460 x 840 x 110 mm
Acquisition Purchased 1879
Not on display

Display caption

This is a study for a large painting to commemorate an incident in the House of Lords on 7 April 1778, when the great statesman William Pitt, Earl of Chatham, collapsed with a fatal stroke while speaking against American independence. Because he supported the colony's interests in every other respect, he was greatly admired by most Americans, including Copley. The recent event is presented here as a grand historical drama, on a scale usually reserved for ancient history. Although carefully composed and enhanced (the peers, for instance, were not wearing their official robes at the time), the work remains faithful to reality with over fifty accurate portraits of those present.

September 2004

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