Major Raymond Smythies (1860-1939) was a commissioned officer in the Prince of Wales's Volunteers. He retired from the Army in 1903. His friend Haldane Macfall, another retired Army officer, sat to Gaudier-Brzeska for a portrait bust early in 1912, and Macfall must have introduced Major Raymond Smythies to the sculptor. Major Raymond Smythies was pleased with the portrait head and paid ¿12 to have it cast into bronze. He gave his bronze cast to Manchester City Art Gallery in 1922. This is the original plaster version, which remained in the sculptor's possession, and then on his death in 1915 passed to Sophie Brzeska, his companion.