Monnington studied at the Slade School of Art from 1918-22. He then spent the years 1922-5 as a Scholar in Decorative Painting at the British School at Rome, where this painting was begun. The landscape is taken from studies made around the Umbrian town of Piediluco; the imagery was partly inspired by general ideas about Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, but also more particularly by Monnington's love of Italy and delight in his marriage in 1924 to Winifred Knights, a fellow painter at the British School. The Adam and Eve-like figures are based on Monnington and Knights. Two paintings by Knights are also on display in this gallery.