- Henry Moore OM, CH 1898–1986
- Object: 140 x 76 x 76 mm
- Purchased 1945
Maquette for Madonna and Child is a small bronze sculpture cast from an original study modelled in clay. It depicts a woman sitting on a low bench cradling a child, who is seated upright on her left leg (fig.1). The woman’s arms support the child’s legs and back while the child holds itself away from her broad torso. The woman wears a shorter than knee-length dress into which lines denoting drapery have been incised on the upper right arm and across her lap, while her fingers and her hair, which falls leadenly over her right shoulder, have been simply but deliberately modelled. Both the woman’s and the child’s animated expressions have been picked out with delicate, abbreviated incisions, with the result that they seem to look towards and yet past one another (fig.2). Despite these abbreviations, the critic John Russell suggested that in his figurative sculpture Moore was able to create ‘portraits’ without depicting a specific person by allowing ‘the body to define the character of his figures’.1
The sculpture was intended as a representation of the Virgin Mary and Jesus Christ, and is one of a series of preparatory maquettes sculpted by Moore in the spring and early summer of 1943. These maquettes were made to test the design for a large stone sculpture of the Madonna and Child, commissioned to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the consecration of St Matthew’s Church in Northampton. The final sculpture, Madonna and Child 1943–4 (fig.3), was carved in Hornton stone and was Moore’s first major public commission, providing the artist with an opportunity to develop his long-standing interest in the mother and child theme in line with more traditional representations of the subject, which suited the commission’s demands.
Moore and the Tate collection
John Russell, Henry Moore, London 1968, p.92.
See Andrew Causey, The Drawings of Henry Moore, London 2010, p.114.
Walter Hussey, Patron of Art: The Revival of a Great Tradition among Modern Artists, London 1985, p.23.
Henry Moore cited in ibid., pp.23–4.
Henry Moore cited in Donald Carroll, The Donald Carroll Interviews, London 1973, p.35, reprinted in Alan Wilkinson (ed.), Henry Moore: Writings and Conversations, Aldershot 2002, p.269.
Walter Hussey, letter to Henry Moore, December 1942, cited in Hussey 1985, p.26.
Henry Moore, letter to Walter Hussey, cited in Hussey 1985, pp.26–7.
Henry Moore, letter to Walter Hussey, cited in Hussey 1985, p.27.
The pages from the sketchbook are reproduced in Ann Garrould (ed.), Henry Moore. Volume 3: Complete Drawings 1940–49, Aldershot 2001, pp.190–5.
Will Grohmann, The Art of Henry Moore, London 1960, p.139.
Henry Moore cited in Mary Sorrell, ‘Henry Moore’, Apollo, vol.44, November 1946, p.117.
David Sylvester, ‘The Evolution of Henry Moore’s Sculpture II’, Burlington Magazine, vol.90, no.544, July 1948, p.190.
Henry Moore, letter to Walter Hussey, 26 August 1943, cited in Hussey 1985, pp.32–3.
See John and Véra Russell, ‘Conversations with Henry Moore’, Sunday Times, 17 December 1961, reprinted in Wilkinson 2002, pp.47, 230.
Moore photographed these terracotta maquettes in various groupings prior to their casting. Fig.7 illustrates six of the twelve models and were reproduced in Herbert Read (ed.), Henry Moore: Sculptures and Drawings, London 1944. This book would become the basis for the first volume of Moore’s catalogue raisonné, in which the same two photographs have been reproduced ever since. See David Sylvester (ed.), Henry Moore. Volume 1: Complete Sculpture 1921–48, 1957, 5th edn, London 1988, p.138.
A.D.B. Sylvester, ‘The Evolution of Henry Moore’s Sculpture: I’, Burlington Magazine, vol.90, no.543, June 1948, p.158.
Henry Moore, letter to Walter Hussey, 23 June 1943, cited in Hussey 1985, pp.27–8.
Moore cited in Sorrell 1946, p.118.
Herbert Read, Henry Moore: A Study of his Life and Work, London 1965, p.152.
Henry Moore cited in Hussey 1985, p.28.
Kenneth Clark, letter to Walter Hussey, 26 July 1943, cited in Hussey 1985, p.30.
Sylvester 1988, pp.12–13.
Henry Moore, letter to Martin Butlin, 22 January 1963, Tate Artist Catalogue File, Henry Moore, A23941.
See Ann Garrould (ed.), Henry Moore. Volume 3: Complete Drawings 1940–49, Much Hadham 2001, p.195, no.43.105.
Sylvester 1988, pp.12–13.
Sylvester, ‘The Evolution of Henry Moore’s Sculpture II’, 1948, p.190.
Roger Berthoud, The Life of Henry Moore, 1987, revised edn, London 2003, p.183. Manson’s remark was cited by Sainsbury during an interview undertaken by Berthoud in May 1983.
Henry Moore, letter to John Rothenstein, 12 August 1944, Tate Public Records TG 1/6/36.
Minutes from Trustees Meeting, 19 April 1945, Tate Pubic Records TG 1/3/5.
Minutes from Trustees Meeting, 15 February 1945, Tate Public Records TG 1/3/5.
See ‘Henry Moore, Madonna and Child 1943, Lot 00441’, Impressionist and Modern Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture: Part 2, sales catalogue, Christie’s, New York 1997.