One of the most refined of the academy studies in the Bequest. This subject was modified in a study in the Calais Pier sketchbook, Tate D04926 (Turner Bequest LXXXI 25), for the painting of The Fifth Plague of Egypt, shown at the RA in 1800 (Indianapolis Museum of Art).1 There is an offset of this drawing on Tate D00059 (Turner Bequest V F).
Martin Butlin and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, revised ed., New Haven and London 1984, pp.10–12 no.13, pl.10 (colour).
Blank; the sheet has been laid down.