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Making use of the paste-down of the inside front cover of the sketchbook, Turner has produced two rough sketches of walled harbours: one taken from the sea and the other from within the harbour. There are more harbour scenes on the folio opposite (Tate D28538; Turner Bequest CCXCI 1).
John Murray, A Hand-book for Travellers on the Continent: Being a Guide Through Holland, Belgium, Prussia, and Northern Germany and Along the Rhine, from Holland to Switzerland, London 1838, p.xxvii, ‘List of Steam-Boats from England to the Continent’.
Cecilia Powell, Turner’s Rivers of Europe: The Rhine, Meuse and Mosel, exhibition catalogue, Tate Gallery, London 1991, p.48.
The leather loop originally used for fastening the sketchbook or holding a pencil has stained the paper.