Joseph Mallord William Turner

Apollo and Python

1802–11

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Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 154 x 240 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D04787
Turner Bequest LXXVII 43 a

Catalogue entry

With folios 44 and 45 of this sketchbook (D04788, D04789) this leaf was, according to John Ruskin, found wrapped in a separate package. He labelled it as follows: ‘3. for Apollo and Python; one with cathedral interior on back.| (Out of parcel A.B.2 P.R. in Box E.) | J.R. 1878’.
Ruskin’s note notwithstanding, only the present drawing is certainly a composition study for Apollo and Python exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1811 (Tate N00488).1 Butlin and Joll suggest that the picture could have been painted ‘considerably earlier’ on technical grounds, and drawings of the subject or variants of it occur as early as in the Calais Pier sketchbook (Tate D04970, D04971; Turner Bequest LXXXI 68, 69). This sketch might be roughly contemporary with the majority of the drawings in the present book, or alternatively with two studies for the figure of Apollo in the Studies for Pictures: Isleworth sketchbook of about 1805 (Tate D05494; Turner Bequest XC 3), and another variant sketch in the contemporaneous Hesperides (1) sketchbook (Tate D05813; Turner Bequest XCIII 28a). See Introduction to this sketchbook for further comment on the dating of the historical studies.

David Blayney Brown
March 2004

1
Butlin and Joll 1984, p.82 no.115 (pl.119).

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