Joseph Mallord William Turner

Baden, from the Zurich Road

1802

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Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 156 x 201 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D04668
Turner Bequest LXXVI 15 a

Catalogue entry

Finberg compared this subject, which he did not identify, with that on folio 17 verso of this sketchbook (D04672), which from its inscription he thought was probably Luchsingen, near Glarus; that however cannot be the case and the latter is more likely to show the castle of Küssaberg, near Lauchringen. In any case the two subjects are not the same, and as Robert Upstone was the first to recognise this is a view of Baden and the castle of Stein, seen from the south-east as Turner approached it from Zurich, for which see especially folio 11 verso (D04660). Its slightness suggests it was a first impression, jotted down as he travelled. For others similar, from rather further away from the town, see folios 10 and 63 (D04658, D04720). Summary as these memoranda are, and despite the fact that, as David Hill notes, none ‘offers a particularly characteristic view of the site’, two formed the basis of later watercolours, in the case of the present sketch one of 1808–9 (private collection).1 In addition to the views from the approach road, this sketchbook contains others from within the town or from the River Limmat; see especially folio 59 (D04716), but also, with varying degrees of certainty, folios 57, 58, 63 verso–64, 64 verso–65 (D04714, D04715, D04721–D04722, D04723–D04724).

David Blayney Brown
March 2004

1
Hill 1992, p.149 reproduced (colour).

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