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This is probably, as Finberg suggested,1 a study for an unexecuted picture of Hannibal crossing the Alps. The idea is perhaps derived from the lost 1776 oil painting of the subject by John Robert Cozens (1752–1797), or of an alternative composition which survives in a circular drawing;2 the British Museum curator Kim Sloan considers it a ‘free interpretation’ of Cozens’s subject,3 which was exhibited as A Landscape, with Hannibal in his March over the Alps, showing to his Troops the Fertile Plains of Italy at the Royal Academy. The studies of warriors on folios 6 verso–7 recto and 13 recto (D01472–D01473, D01484; Turner Bequest XL 6a–7, 13) may relate to the design.
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