This page contains two sketches. At the bottom is a study of a Mediterranean stone or umbrella pine tree. The upper landscape meanwhile, was identified by Thomas Ashby as a distant view of the mountains to the north-east of Rome.1 This is the Monti Lucretili range, including the highest peak of Monte Gennaro. Turner’s viewpoint may be one of the upper storeys of the Villa Borghese palace, see folio 20 (D16522).
Thomas Ashby, unpublished notes, Turner Bequest Archive, Tate.