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The immediate result of Turner's visits to Wales in 1798 and 1799 was a group of large atmospheric watercolours, some of which are shown here. But he also utilised his experience of the mountain scenery in a monumental painting of Dolbadarn Castle, at the foot of Snowdon, which he exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1800, and which he subsequently presented to the institution once he was elected a member. This colour sketch is one of six studies for the picture in this book, which reveal how Turner experimented with the forms of the swirling clouds and the sunset light before transfering them to his painting.

September 2004