Turner Worldwide text
Sims; A Andrews; Messrs Dowdeswell; A G Temple; when Agnew 1899; whence E F Milliken New York for £1,320 in 1900; Anon (Milliken) sales Christie’s 03/05/1902 lot 43 (820 guineas) and 23/05/1903 lot 79 (600 guineas), bought in on both occasions; Mrs C M de Graff; whence Meatyard for 30gns through Christie’s 21/02/1930 lot 75; whence Leggatt Bros; whence Dunedin Public Art Gallery for £350.00 (Robert Hay Fund), London, 1931.
The Guildhall, London, (collection of Mr Milliken) 1899 (2).
“Old Master Paintings from the Private and Public Collections of New Zealand”, 14 May to 14 June 1959, Auckland City Art Gallery, Auckland, no. 14.
“South Canterbury Art Loan Exhibition”, Timaru, November 1961, 4 (as ‘Old Dunstanborough Castle’).
“Turner Exhibition” The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 16 August to 5 October 1986, Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art, Kyoto, 14 October to 16 November 1986, no.2.
“Treasures of the Dunedin Public Art Gallery”, Dunedin, 1990, no.26
“European Treasures Great Paintings from Machiavelli to Monet from the Collections of the Dunedin Public Art Gallery”, the Govett-Brewster Art Gallery, New Plymouth, 21 July to 25 August 1991, Waikato Museum of Art and History, Hamilton, 8 September to 24 November 1991, no.20.
“Turner an Exhibition organised by Michael Lloyd, Evelyn Holl and Lyn Conybearne”, The National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, 16 March to 10 June 1996, the National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne 27 June to 10 September 1996, no.3.
John Ruskin, Modern Painters, vol.I, Smith, Elder & Co., London, 1843.
John Burnet, Turner and his Works, Bogue, London, 1852.
Walter Thornbury, The Life and Correspondence of J.M.W. Turner R.A. revised edition Chatto and Windus, London 1877.
A.J. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner R.A.2ndrevised edition, Oxford University Press, London 1961.
John Rothenstein, Martin Butlin, TurnerHeinemann, London, 1964.
Andrew Wilton, The Life and Work of J.M.W. Turner, Academy Editions, London, 1979.
John Gage (Ed.), Collected Correspondence of J.M.W. Turner, with an early Diary and a Memoir by George Jones, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1980.
James Hamilton, Turner a Life, Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1997.
Walter Armstrong, Turner, 2 vols, London, Manchester, Liverpool and New York, 1902, reproduced p.215, ref. p.221.
Dunedin Public Art Gallery Society annual report, 1931-32, Dunedin Public Art Gallery Society, Dunedin, 1932.
P.A. Tomory, Old Master Paintings from the Private and Public Collections of New Zealand, Auckland City Art Gallery, Auckland, 1959, pp.10-11 reproduced as pl.15.
A.G. Pearse, Dunedin Public Art Gallery, (Handbook), Dunedin Public Art Gallery, Dunedin, 1964, [p.36]
Tom Esplin, ‘The Present State of a Leading New Zealand Art Gallery’ in The Connoisseur, vol.176, no.710, April 1971, p.250.
Martin Butlin and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, 2 vols, text, plates, Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 1977, Text, pp.21-22; Plates, pl.33.
Keith W. Thomson, Art Galleries and Museums of New Zealand, A.H. & A.W. Reed Ltd, Wellington, Sydney, Auckland, Christchurch, 1981, p.54.
Martin Butlin, Evelyn Joll (contributors) in Turner Exhibition(exhibition catalogue), Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art, The National Museum of Western Art, Kyoto and Tokyo, 1986, pp.26, 48, reproduced in colour p.49.
Peter Tomory, Robert Gaston, European Paintings before 1800 in Australian and New Zealand Public Collections, The Beagle Press, Sydney, 1989, pp.48, 144, 152.
Peter Entwisle, Treasures of the Dunedin Public Art Gallery, Dunedin Public Art Gallery, Dunedin, 1990, pp.21-22, 46, 48, 95, reproduced in colour p.66.
Linda Tyler, European Treasures, Great Paintings from Machiavelli to Monet from the Collections of the Dunedin Public Art Gallery, (folio), Waikato Museum of Art and History, Hamilton, 1991, unpaginated, referred to in Introduction, Checklist, reproduced in colour, described versoof reproduction.
Ursula Hoff, European Paintings before 1800 in the National Gallery of Victoria, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, 1995, pp.298-300.
Evelyn Joll, ‘Turner and Dunstanborough 1797-1834’, in Michael Lloyd (Ed.), J.M.W. Turner, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, 1996, pp.37-47, reproduced in colour, p.41, see esp. note 3, p.47.
i) There is a related drawing in the Tate Gallery, London, which Joll says very closely prefigures the Dunedin painting, but is in very poor condition. It was also used as a basis of a watercolour, Dunstanborough Castle, c.1798-1800, now in the Laing Art Gallery: Tyne and Wear Museums, Newcastle Upon Tyne. (Reproduced, Joll, 1996, p.43). The Tate work is presumably the one listed in the Finberg Inventory XXXVI T page 79 of the Turner Bequest.
ii) There is another, larger, painting of the same subject from a different viewpoint, Dunstanborough Castle, North-East Coast of Northumberland, Sunrise After a Squally Night, which Hoff (1995 p.298) dates, 1798, was exhibited at the Royal Academy that year and was presented in 1888 to the National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne. There are pencil and wash drawings in the Tate related to that. (Reproduced Joll, 1996, pp.38 & 39).
iii) The Dunedin painting was dated ‘1798 or 1799’ when it was acquired by reference to the Melbourne work and that painting’s known date of exhibition at the Royal Academy. Butlin & Joll, 1977, (p.22) discuss the date and give it as ‘c.1798’.
Text kindly provided by owning institution 2003