Turner Worldwide text
In July 1802, during the Peace of Amiens, Turner made his first voyage to the Continent. He recorded his arrival at Calais in a small sketchbook and used the sketches to develop two oil paintings of this scene: Calais Pier at the National Gallery, London, and The Frick Collection’s Fishing Boats Entering Calais Harbor. In the Frick painting, the town of Calais can be seen from the outer harbor, along with the tower of Notre Dame and the belfry of the Hôtel de Ville. The turbulent water contrasts with the blue sky among the dark clouds, and the heeling boat at the center of the composition, in both the National Gallery and Frick paintings, features a crew member wearing a bright red cap.
Art in The Frick Collection: Paintings, Sculpture, Decorative Arts. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996.
Butlin, Martin and Evelyn Joll. The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1984.
Text kindly provided by owning institution 2003