Joseph Mallord William Turner

Fort Augustus


View this artwork by appointment, at Tate Britain's Prints and Drawings Rooms

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Graphite on paper
Support: 150 x 180 mm
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Turner Bequest CCLXXVI 18

Catalogue entry

This sketch of Fort Augustus became the basis of Turner’s watercolour, Fort Augustus, Loch Ness circa 1833 (private collection),1 engraved as the vignette illustration to volume XXVI of Sir Walter Scott’s Tales of a Grandfather in 1836.2 Although he was principally in Scotland to collect material for Scott’s collected Poetical Works, the abundance of details in this sketch suggests that, whether or not he knew how he would use it at the time, Turner foresaw the potential in this sketch for a finished picture.
The view is north-east over Fort Augustus towards Loch Ness. Looking over the rooftops the sketch must have been made from a high point, probably from one of the more elevated locks which form a short staircase down the Caledonian Canal to Loch Ness. A female figure stands in the foreground at the left, presumably on the canal towpath. Beyond the rooftops is the Caledonian Canal, with a steamboat waiting to go through the final gate before it can head out to Loch Ness. A number of dark figures stand on board or on the towpath.
In the foreground of his watercolour Turner included a steam paddleboat with a group of about two dozen tourists crowding its deck as it prepared to go through the lock to Loch Ness. This detail was autobiographical as Turner arrived in Fort Augustus by steamboat. The guidebook that may have directed him, The Steamboat Companion, advised that ‘During the hour and a half that the steam-boat takes to pass the locks at Fort-Augustus, passengers may land, and may here dine comfortably on shore.’3 Turner used this time to disembark and make a number of sketches of different views of the village, including the one currently under discussion, before boarding again to begin a journey up Loch Ness to Inverness.
To the left of the canal – running parallel to it – is the River Oich, over which spans the three-arched Old Oich Bridge, seen in many of the sketches that Turner made of Fort Augustus. Only the left arch still stands today, as the others were washed away in a flood of 1849 and were later replaced with a wooden structure. The remains of the fort stand between the canal and the River Tarff to the east (see folio 13; D26986). Beyond the town is Loch Ness.

Thomas Ardill
April 2010

Andrew Wilton, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work, Fribourg 1979, p.434 no.1129.
Finberg 1909, II, p.881.
James Lumsden and Son, Lumsden and Son’s Steamboat Companion; or Stranger’s Guide to the Western Isles and Highlands of Scotland, Glasgow 1839, p.161.

Read full Catalogue entry

You might like