Joseph Mallord William Turner Heidelberg c.1844–5

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Artwork details

Title
Heidelberg
Date c.1844–5
Medium Oil paint on canvas
Dimensions Support: 1321 x 2019 mm
frame: 1540 x 2248 x 82 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
N00518
On display at Tate Britain

Display caption

The crowd of figures belonged to the court of the ‘Winter Queen’, Princess Elizabeth, eldest daughter of the English king James I. She married the Elector Palatine, Friedrich V, in 1613. The couple are shown sitting in the left foreground, with Heidelberg castle on the hillside behind them. Their court was briefly famous for its extravagant entertainments, although Friedrich lost control of the Palatine in 1620, after which they lived their lives as exiles in Holland.

This unfinished picture may have been intended as a historical counterpart to a painting of a modern German subject, The Opening of the Walhalla.

February 2010

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