Joseph Mallord William Turner

Kirkby Lonsdale from the South

1816

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 173 x 260 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D11520
Turner Bequest CXLVIII 2 a

Catalogue entry

Previously unrecognised, this sketch, continued to the right in a few further lines on folio 3 recto (D11525; Turner Bequest CXLVIII 4b, now bound opposite) is identified here as a view of Kirkby Lonsdale from the higher ground of Low Biggins, looking north up the Lune Valley, with St Mary’s Church in the middle distance left, Middleton Fell to the right, and the Howgill Fells in the centre distance. The distant view is similar to that from Kirkby Lonsdale churchyard on folio 4 verso (Tate D11528; Turner Bequest CXLVIII 5a), although that looks further right. It is noteworthy, however, that here the sketch synthesises a rather narrow range of the available mountains upon a somewhat wider view of the town. In the right foreground is what appears to be another church tower. In fact this can be identified as ‘The Gazebo’ built about 17791 in the form of a battlemented tower as a picturesque summerhouse high enough to enjoy a fine view of the Lune Valley. It stood on the south side of Jingling Lane, but had disappeared by 1930.2 The present writer has dated Turner’s sketches of Kirkby Lonsdale to Friday 9 August and Saturday 10 August 1816.

David Hill
May 2009

1
William Pearson and William White, History Directory and Gazetteer of Westmorland, 1829 (under ‘Lunefield’) say that it was ‘built about 50 years ago’.
2
Alexander Pearson, Kirkby Lonsdale and Lunesdale in Bygone Days, 1930 (reprinted in Pearson, Kyle, Phillips and Gresson, The Annals of Kirkby Lonsdale and Lunesdale Today, 1996, pp.72–3) gives a picturesque account of the building’s origins, involving several strong men and a tall ladder, and also provides an illustration of the appearance.

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