In 1822 the publisher W B Cooke commissioned new designs from Turner for a series to be entitled The Rivers of England, also known as 'River Scenery'. Cooke and Turner had already worked together on several topographical projects but this one pioneered the
use of mezzotint on steel-faced plates. This technique was mastered by the engraver Thomas Lupton.
By 1826 Turner had made some
seventeen highly finished watercolours for this series, depicting river scenery
the length and breadth of England.