Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Lecture Diagram: Reflections and Refractions in Two Transparent Globes, One Half-Filled with Water circa 1810
Turner Bequest CXCV 177c
Turner Bequest CXCV 177c
Watercolour over indications of pencil on white wove paper, 224 x 400 mm
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
National Gallery, London, various dates to 1904 (608).
‘JMWT PP’: A Selection of Drawings Made by Turner to Illustrate his Royal Academy Lectures as Professor of Perspective, Tate Gallery, London, July 1980–January 1981 (33).
Turner as Professor: The Artist and Linear Perspective, Tate Gallery, London, October 1992–January 1993 (53, reproduced in colour).
Mirror Image: Jonathan Miller on Reflection, National Gallery, London, September–December 1998 (no number).
Aux Origins de L’Abstraction 1800–1914, Musée d’Orsay, Paris, November 2003–February 2004 (no number, reproduced in colour).
Vanishing Point: The Perspective Drawings of J.M.W. Turner, Tate Britain, London, May–November 2004 (not in catalogue).
A.J. Finberg, A Complete Inventory of the Drawings of the Turner Bequest, London 1909, vol.I, p.596, CXCV 177c, as ‘177. Glass balls, partly filled with water’.
Judy Egerton [and Clifford Ellis], ‘JMWT PP’: A Selection of Drawings Made by Turner to Illustrate his Royal Academy Lectures as Professor of Perspective, exhibition pamphlet, Tate Gallery, London 1980, p..
Maurice Davies, Turner as Professor: The Artist and Linear Perspective, Tate Gallery, London 1992, p.53, reproduced in colour fig.53.
Jonathan Miller, Mirror Image: Jonathan Miller on Reflection, exhibition catalogue, National Gallery, London 1998, p.29 reproduced in colour.
Maurice William Davies, ‘J.M.W. Turner’s Approach to Perspective in His Royal Academy Lectures of 1811’, unpublished Ph.D thesis, Courtauld Institute of Art, London 1994, p.265.
Turner produced this drawing of two transparent globes, along with a few others of globes of differing materials (Tate D17147, D17148, D40024, D40026; Turner Bequest CXCV 176, 177a, d), for a lecture on ‘reflexies’ (reflections) and their relationship to light and shade, to be given as Professor of Perspective at the Royal Academy. See note to D17148 for related lecture texts and sketches and the fact that this diagram and three others were once on a single larger sheet. For Turner’s discussion of reflecting spheres in Lecture 5, and its possible influence on his friend John Soane, see notes to D17147.
Currently laid down
Supported by The Samuel H. Kress Foundation
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