Joseph Mallord William Turner

Lit of Clients and Works (Inscriptions by Turner)

c.1817–20

View this artwork by appointment, at Tate Britain's Prints and Drawings Rooms

Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 114 x 88 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D10646
Turner Bequest CXLI 35 a

Catalogue entry

Turners list reads:
Lord Strathmore                                   1 
Longmans.                Richmond                 2 
Wheeler                  Cologne                  3 
Cookes                   Vesu                     4 
Ditto                    Vesuvius                 5 
Allinson                 Pola                     6 
Raby 
Dort                     Pictures     
Waterloo     
Knights.                 Panelius                 7 
Hakewills     
Battle Abbey             10                      17 
Rye     
Hastings                                         18 
Dunster Castle                                   19 
Watchet                                          20 
Edgecumbe                                        21 
Farnley                  2 
...                      3 
...                      1                       26
...                      2                       27
                                                 28     
Indentifications of many of the works and clients listed here were proposed by Finberg, who thought the list comprised ‘drawings in hand 1817 or beginning 1818’. His notes are the basis of those given, with more detail or revisions, here. In fact Turner also lists oil paintings and some items might be rather later.
John Bowes, 10th Earl of Strathmore (1769–1820) acquired two watercolours of Gibside, County Durham, the Seat of the Earl of Strathmore (Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle)1 painted there in autumn 1817 when Turner visited the estate with Strathmore after his stay at Raby Castle; see notes by Matthew Imms to the Raby sketchbook (Tate D12262–D12317; D40723–D40726; D40764; D41517; Turner Bequest CLVI). The watercolours were engraved for Robert Surtees’s History of Durham. Turner notes the address of Strathmore’s London solicitor on folio 34 verso of the present sketchbook (D10644).
Longman and Co., run by Thomas Longman III (1771–1842) published History of Richmondshire by Dr Thomas Dunham Whitaker, 1819–23, with illustrations after Turner. The watercolour Richmond, Yorkshire, from the North-East (Victoria and Albert Museum, London)2 was painted about 1817 from a drawing in the Yorkshire 5 sketchbook (Tate D11538–D11539; Turner Bequest CXLVIII 10a–11) and is probably the work referred to here.

David Blayney Brown
July 2011

1
Andrew Wilton, The Life and Work of J.M.W. Turner, Fribourg 1979, p.364 both listed under no.557.
2
Ibid., p.364 no.559.
3
Ibid., p.490 no.689a.
4
Powell 1995, p.28.
5
Yardley 1986, p.54.
6
Wilton 1979, p.381 no.698.
7
Ibid., p.381 no.699.
8
Not recorded, ibid.
9
John Gage, Collected Correspondence of J.M.W. Turner with an Early Diary and a Memoir by George Jones, Oxford 1980, p.71 note 4.
10
Yardley 1986, p.56.
11
Butlin and Joll 1984, pp.101–2 no.136 (pl.142).
12
Ibid., pp.102–4 no.137 (pl.140)
13
Ibid., pp.104–5 no.138 (pl.141).
14
Ibid., pp.98–100 no.134 (pl.139).
15
Gage 1981, p.18.
16
Butlin and Joll 1984, p.99.
17
Sotheby’s sale, New York, 29 January 2009, lot 92; Butlin and Joll 1984, pp.97–8 no.133 (pl.138).
18
Wilton 1979, pp.381–3 nos.700–17.
19
Ibid., p.348 no.423.
20
Walter Thornbury, The Life of J.M.W. Turner, R.A. Founded on Letters and Papers Furnished by his Friends and Fellow-Academicians: A New Edition, Revised with 8 Coloured Illustrations after Turner’s Originals and 2 Woodcuts, London 1897, p.633.
21
Wilton, pp.353–4 no.471.
22
Ibid., p.355 no.486 (as untraced).
23
Ibid., p.357 no.504.
24
Accounts cited in Thornbury 1897 p.633.
25
Wilton 1979, p.353 no..469.
26
Ibid., p.353 no.464.
27
Ibid., p.355 no.482.
28
Ibid., pp.368–70 nos.587–609.

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