Joseph Mallord William Turner

Southampton: The Bargate

1795

View this artwork by appointment, at Tate Britain's Prints and Drawings Rooms

Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 264 x 204 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D00416
Turner Bequest XXIV 10

Catalogue entry

Southampton’s Bargate has been judged ‘probably the finest, and certainly the most complex, town gateway in Britain’.1 It formed the entrance to the town along the High Street from the north, though its surroundings, including the north wall in which it stood, have been demolished so that it survives as a mere traffic island. It was begun as a Norman structure (with a round-arched passageway) in about 1200, and its north front with pointed arch and canted projection, which Turner shows in this drawing, was added two centuries later. Turner did not use this study in any finished view.
1
Nikolaus Pevsner and David Lloyd, Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, The Buildings of England, Harmondsworth 1967, p.533.
Verso:
Blank, except for a brief continuation in pencil of the drawing of Winchester Cathedral on folio 11 recto opposite (D00417), showing the niche and figure on the pinnacle of the gable above the west window; stamped in brown ink with Turner Bequest monogram.

Andrew Wilton
April 2012

Read full Catalogue entry

You might like