Joseph Mallord William TurnerSunderland Harbour from the South Pier 1817

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Artwork details

Artist
Title
Sunderland Harbour from the South Pier
From Durham, North Shore, Sketchbook
Turner Bequest CLVII
Date 1817
MediumGraphite on paper
Dimensionssupport: 116 x 185 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D12318
Turner Bequest CLVII 1
View this artwork by appointment, at Tate Britain's Prints and Drawings Rooms

Catalogue entry

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 1 Recto:
Sunderland Harbour from the South Pier 1817
D12318
Turner Bequest CLVII 1
Pencil on white wove paper, 116 x 185 mm
Part watermark ‘J Wh | 1’
Inscribed by John Ruskin in red ink ‘1’ bottom right (now faint)
Stamped in black ‘CLVII – 1’ bottom right
 
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
The view is westwards in the direction of Monkwearmouth, looking inland along the pier on the south side of Sunderland Harbour, from which a ship is setting sail. The mast on the pier to its right appears to be the one seen again in the view in the opposite direction on folio 2 recto (D12319). Only the stump of this southern pier survives, as there has been extensive rebuilding around the harbour.
This is the first of a sequence of Sunderland views, running on to folio 5 recto (D12324). There is also a very slight sketch inside the back cover (D40923) which appears to show a cliff, and may have been made on the coast nearby. It is possible, as discussed in the introduction to the tour, that Turner had arrived by sea.
Technical notes:
The centre of the right-hand edge has been rubbed and pulled back by contact with the plate anchoring the brass clasp inside the front cover of the sketchbook opposite (D40918).
Verso:
Blank

Matthew Imms
February 2010

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