Joseph Mallord William TurnerThe Gulf of Naples, Seen from Vesuvius 1819

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Artwork details

Artist
Title
The Gulf of Naples, Seen from Vesuvius
From Gandolfo to Naples Sketchbook
Turner Bequest CLXXXIV
Date 1819
MediumGraphite on paper
Dimensionssupport: 122 x 197 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D15637
Turner Bequest CLXXXIV 40 c
View this artwork by appointment, at Tate Britain's Prints and Drawings Rooms

Catalogue entry

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 42 Verso:
The Gulf of Naples, Seen from Vesuvius 1819
D15637
Turner Bequest CLXXXIV 40 c
Pencil on white wove paper, 122 x 197 mm
 
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Turner made a series of sketches of Naples and the surrounding landscape as seen from the ascent to the summit of Vesuvius, see folio 46 verso (D15645; Turner Bequest CLXXXIV 44a). This rough pencil study depicts the semi-circular sweep of the Bay and Gulf of Naples looking west/south-west from the higher slopes of the volcano.1 The details on the right-hand side represents Naples itself with the headland of Castel dell’Ovo leading up to the hill of Castel Sant’Elmo, and the greater heights of Camaldoli beyond. Curving round beyond the city is the coastline of Posillipo towards the island of Ischia on the far left-hand side. Turner has also indicated the position of the sun setting just above the Capo di Posillipo (Cape of Posillipo).
Part of the composition spills over onto the opposite sheet of the double-page spread, see folio 43 (D15638; Turner Bequest CLXXXIV 41).

Nicola Moorby
May 2010

1
For a similar view compare John ‘Warwick’ Smith (1749–1831), City of Naples from Vesuvius 1778–9 (Tate, T08509).

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