Joseph Mallord William TurnerThree Sketches of Lugano; and a Study of a Tobacco Plant 1819

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Artwork details

Artist
Title
Three Sketches of Lugano; and a Study of a Tobacco Plant
From Turin, Como, Lugarno, Maggiore Sketchbook
Turner Bequest CLXXIV
Date 1819
MediumGraphite on paper
Dimensionssupport: 111 x 186 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D14284
Turner Bequest CLXXIV 72
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Catalogue entry

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 73 Recto:
Three Sketches of Lugano; and a Study of a Tobacco Plant 1819
D14284
Turner Bequest CLXXIV 72
Pencil on white wove paper, 111 x 186 mm
Inscribed by the artist in pencil ‘Wall’, ‘Landing Place’ and ‘Lugano’ within bottom sketch. Also ‘Tobacco Red flowers’ top left, ascending left-hand edge, ‘Blue’ within sketch parallel with left-hand edge, and ‘Malia’ and ‘white’ within second sketch parallel with left-hand edge
Inscribed by John Ruskin in blue ink ‘72’ top left, ascending left-hand edge and ‘284’ top right, ascending right-hand edge
Stamped in black ‘CLXXIV 72’ top right, ascending right-hand edge
 
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
This page contains a number of sketches drawn with the sheet placed both vertically and horizontally. Three, drawn with the sketchbook held horizontally, are all variant studies of Lugano, a city on the shores of Lake Lugano which lies within the Swiss canton (state) of Ticino. Turner travelled to Lugano by boat from Porlezza,1 and the uppermost vista shows the approach from the waters of the lake to the east. The second sketch meanwhile depicts the outlines of some of the city’s most noteworthy buildings, including in the centre, the campanile of the Cathedral of San Lorenzo. Finally, at the bottom is a view of Lugano from the ‘Landing Place’ where Turner must have disembarked from the boat. The vista looks north-east across the shore line with the cathedral just left of centre. Part of the composition spills over onto the opposite sheet of the double-page spread, see folio 72 verso (D14283; Turner Bequest CLXXIV 71a).
Additionally there are three distinct studies on the left-hand side of the sheet, drawn with the sketchbook held vertically. In the top right-hand corner is a small study of a tobacco plant, which the artist has noted has ‘red flowers’. The remaining two sketches are studies of landscape, although the location currently remains unidentified.

Nicola Moorby
January 2013

1
See Crimi 2007, pp.30–1.

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