Joseph Mallord William TurnerView of the Cascatelli and Monte Catillo, Tivoli, from the Valley 1819

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Artwork details

Artist
Title
View of the Cascatelli and Monte Catillo, Tivoli, from the Valley
From Tivoli Sketchbook
Turner Bequest CLXXXIII
Date 1819
MediumGraphite on paper
Dimensionssupport: 200 x 253 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D15505
Turner Bequest CLXXXIII 38
View this artwork by appointment, at Tate Britain's Prints and Drawings Rooms

Catalogue entry

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 38 Recto:
View of the Cascatelli and Monte Catillo, Tivoli, from the Valley 1819
D15505
Turner Bequest CLXXXIII 38
Pencil and grey watercolour wash on white wove paper, 200 x 253 mm
Inscribed by ?John Ruskin in faded red ink ‘38’ bottom left, descending left-hand edge, and by an unknown hand in pencil ‘38’ bottom left, descending left-hand edge
Stamped in black ‘CLXXXIII 38’ bottom left, descending left-hand edge
 
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Turner’s exploration of Tivoli included a large number of landscape sketches drawn from the river valley to the north. This page contains a view of the cascatelli (or cascatelle), the lesser cascades of the Aniene, where a branch of the river flowed from an underground passage and emerged in streams down the slopes at the northern tip of the town. The view is drawn from the floor of the valley looking east towards Monte Catillo, with the town at the top on the right-hand side. Silhouetted along the horizon is a medieval watch-tower near the substructures of the Piazza dell’Olmo (present-day Piazza Domenico Tani), whilst in the centre of the vista are the falls of the cascatelli, spilling down the promontory in stages. Like many drawings within this sketchbook, the composition has been executed over a washed grey background. Turner has created highlights within the work by rubbing or lifting out the wash to reveal the white paper beneath, principally to create the silvery streams of the cascades.
Similar views can be seen on folios 29, 30, 37 (D15496, D15497, D15504), and in the Tivoli and Rome sketchbook (Tate D15016–D40926; Turner Bequest 48–52a). Turner also depicted the cascatelli looking west towards the Santuario di Ercole Vincitore, see folio 3 (D15469). Today the smaller cascades have disappeared due to the divergence of the River Aniene away from the centre of Tivoli, and have been replaced by the great waterfall of Villa Gregoriana.
Verso:
Blank, except for traces of grey watercolour wash

Nicola Moorby
February 2010

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