Joseph Mallord William Turner

Wagons and Figures, with a Pulley beside a River or Canal

1801

View this artwork by appointment, at Tate Britain's Prints and Drawings Rooms

Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 161 x 256 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D05114
Turner Bequest LXXXII 37

Catalogue entry

This slight horizontal study is one of a series of drawings made by an industrial waterway, very possibly a canal; others follow on folios 38 recto and 39 recto (D05115, D05116).
It must be assumed from the context that the setting is somewhere in Lancashire or Cheshire, but attention is drawn to canal scenes made towards the beginning of Turner’s 1801 tour to the Highlands, probably near Leeds, in the disbound and dispersed Smaller Fonthill sketchbook (Tate; Turner Bequest XLVIII); they are listed in the Introduction to that book (in the ‘Architectural and Other Subjects c.1797–1807’ section of this catalogue) as nos.2–4: Barges on a River or Canal near a Mine (pencil, British Museum, London, 1946,1109.3); Industrial Machinery beside a River or Canal, with Barges (pencil, British Museum, 1946,1109.4); A Canal Tunnel near Leeds (watercolour, private collection).1
Another possible location for some of these studies is Parkgate on the Dee estuary (see also folio 46 recto; D05123), which Turner had visited on his Midland tour of 1794 and depicted in a small, untraced watercolour,2 engraved for Walker’s Copper–Plate Magazine in 1797 as Flint, from Park–Gate (Tate impressions: T05899–T05900).
1
Andrew Wilton, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work, Fribourg 1979, p.336 no.325, pl.50, as c.1799.
2
Ibid., p.312 no.97.
Verso:
Blank

Andrew Wilton
May 2013

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