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With the page turned vertically, Turner has made three separate landscape studies, perhaps all inspired by Thames Valley scenery (see under folio 2 recto; D17775) but possibly also functioning as ideas for pictorial compositions. The use of black chalk combined with wash to create strong chiaroscuro effects is unusual in Turner’s sketchbooks. There is a whole-page chalk drawing of a woodland scene on the verso (D17831).
John Ruskin’s customary red ink page number beside the later stamp is not readily apparent here, although those on other leaves of this sketchbook are generally very faint.