Joseph Mallord William Turner
Zwingenberg on the Neckar 1844

Artwork details

Zwingenberg on the Neckar
From Rheinfelden Sketchbook
Turner Bequest CCCXLIX
Date 1844
Medium Graphite, watercolour and pen on paper
Dimensions Support: 229 x 328 mm
Acquisition Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Turner Bequest CCCXLIX 27
View this artwork by appointment, at Tate Britain's Prints and Drawings Rooms

Display caption

On his way to Switzerland in 1844 Turner explored the River Neckar as far as Heilbronn. Much of this was new territory, although he was already familiar with Heidelberg from earlier visits. In many of these colour sketches, he refined or accentuated details with the aid of his pen, which he dipped in the watercolours on his palette, rather than using ink. Ruskin drew his reader's attention to the way in which Turner had drawn the rocks on the hillside on the right: 'the pencil, and the paler violet touches, with the full and deep red penned work, being there combined with consummate skill'.

September 2004

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