J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

Joseph Mallord William Turner The King's Landing at Leith 1822

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 66 Verso:
The King’s Landing at Leith 1822
D17622
Turner Bequest CC 66a
Pencil on white wove paper, 114 x 187 mm
Inscriptions in pencil by Turner ‘Midlothian corps’ centre left, ‘Red’ centre, ‘Red | Standard’ centre right
Blindstamped with the Turner Bequest stamp bottom right
 
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
This drawing of George IV’s landing at Leith Harbour, made with the sketchbook inverted, contains even more detail and incident than the similar view on folio 58 verso (D17608). The drawing was made from the same position on the Customs Wharf across the Water of Leith to the west, and takes in the same view; although Turner has turned very slightly to the right (south) towards the drawbridge, and the Signal House appears further to the left of the picture.
The line of figures along the quayside that Turner describes as ‘Midlothian Corps’ are drawn in the same shorthand manner as circles above vertical lines, but these are now contrasted with less formally arranged figures at the left, below in boats, and in the foreground at the right where several figures stand on a platform to view the spectacle across the water. More attention is paid to the ships behind the drawbridge to the right and to the seamen perched on their yardarms. The main event, however, takes place in the lower part of the picture where two boats approach the landing stage from the left. Several figures stand on the slope up to the quay and on the platform stands a figure, perhaps Lord Lothian ready to receive the King. Although the Admiral’s barge preceded the King’s in the flotilla from the royal squadron, it is likely that the first vessel in this sketch is the royal barge and the figure at the centre, dressed in his admiral’s uniform is George IV himself, with the Marquis of Conyngham, Sir Charles Paget and the barge’s sixteen oarsmen. To the left is another boat of the flotilla.
Although Turner never made a painting based on this scene, and the subject was not among the nineteen compositions making up his proposed ‘Royal Progress’ cycle (see King at Edinburgh sketchbook, 1822; Tate D40979–D40980; Turner Bequest CCI 43a, Inside Back Cover), he did make a more finished sketch of the scene on a loose sheet (Tate D17767; Turner Bequest CCIII J), presumably from memory, in which the King is shown having just stepped onto the landing stage where he was greeted by Lord Lothian. See also another sketch of this event on folio 71 verso (D17632).

Thomas Ardill
September 2008

How to cite

Thomas Ardill, ‘The King’s Landing at Leith 1822 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, September 2008, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, December 2012, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-the-kings-landing-at-leith-r1132963, accessed 22 December 2014.