J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours

Joseph Mallord William Turner Two Views of Salerno; and Capri from the Bay of Naples 1819

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 47 Recto:
Two Views of Salerno; and Capri from the Bay of Naples 1819
D15823
Turner Bequest CLXXXV 47
Pencil on white wove paper, 113 x 189 mm
Inscribed by the artist in pencil ‘[...]’ and ‘Belongs to Bay of Na’ within sketch centre right-hand edge
Inscribed by ?John Ruskin in blue ink ‘278’ bottom right and ‘47’ top right
Stamped in black ‘CLXXXV 47’ bottom right
 
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
This page contains three distinct landscape sketches. The main study depicts the harbour at Salerno with a number of boats docked along the waterfront in front of the fourteenth-century church, the Chiesa della Santissima Annunziata near Porta Catena. Of particular interest is the vessel in the centre which is a felucca, a wooden sailing vessel with a lateen or triangular sail which was a common mode of transport in southern Italy. The scene in the top right-hand corner, meanwhile, represents the Mole of Salerno and the view looking south-west along the Amalfi coast in the direction of Vietri. In the foreground is a small rowing boat filled with figures and Turner’s viewpoint may also be from a boat leaving the harbour. For further sketches of Salerno see folio 47 verso (D15824).
At the centre of the right-hand edge is a third sketch, part of a larger composition continued from folio 45 (D15819). Turner has folded back the previous pages in order to extend the view onto this sheet, and as his inscription indicates, it represents part of the Bay of Naples, specifically the Posillipo Hill with the distant island of Capri beyond.

Nicola Moorby
October 2010

How to cite

Nicola Moorby, ‘Two Views of Salerno; and Capri from the Bay of Naples 1819 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, October 2010, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, December 2012, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-two-views-of-salerno-and-capri-from-the-bay-of-naples-r1138290, accessed 27 November 2014.