Animation is much older than cinema, with roots deep in architecture, folklore, and theatre. These sources are proving deeply relevant today, now that expanded animation serves as the central paradigm for storytelling and navigation in our globalised, digitized civilization.
Norman Klein is a cultural critic, media historian and novelist. He uses animation in a wide range of books, including Seven Minutes: the Life and Death of the American Animated Cartoon, The History of Forgetting: Los Angeles and the Erasure of Memory; and The Vatican to Vegas: The History of Special Effects. His award-winning database novel, Bleeding Through (2002) has appeared in over forty venues. Next, he is completing a science-fiction database novel: The Imaginary Twentieth Century (Oct., 2007).