Definitions for terms beginning with the letter B

James Abbott McNeill Whistler, 'Nocturne: Blue and Silver - Chelsea' 1871

Whistler introduced the ideas of French impressionist artists to Britain, leading to the development of British impressionism

James Abbott McNeill Whistler
Nocturne: Blue and Silver - Chelsea 1871
Oil on wood
support: 502 x 608 mm frame: 685 x 825 x 45 mm
Bequeathed by Miss Rachel and Miss Jean Alexander 1972

View the main page for this artwork

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Tate glossary definition for Baroque: The dominant style in art and architecture of the seventeenth century, characterized by self-confidence, dynamism and a realistic approach to depiction
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Tate glossary definition for Bauhaus: Revolutionary school of art, architecture and design established by the pioneer modern architect Walter Gropius at Weimar in Germany in 1919
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Tate glossary definition for beauty: A combination of shape, colour and form that pleases the eye
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Tate glossary definition for Beaux Arts Quartet: The name given to a group of four young realist painters whose work was exhibited at the Beaux Arts gallery, London in the early 1950s
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Tate glossary definition for biennial: A large international art exhibition held every two years
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Tate glossary definition for Big Tail Elephant Group: An art collective formed in Guangzhou in China in the early 1990s in response to rapid urbanisation
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Tate glossary definition for bio art: Art that uses biotechnology as its medium and raises questions about the future of life, evolution, society and art
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Tate glossary definition for biomorphic: Forms or images that while abstract nevertheless refer to, or evoke, living forms such as plants and the human body
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Tate glossary definition for bitumen: A naturally-occurring, non-drying, tarry substance used in paint mixtures, especially to enrich the appearance of dark tones
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Tate glossary definition for Black Atlantic: Term used by critic Paul Gilroy in 1993 to describe a fusion of black cultures with other cultures from around the Atlantic
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Tate glossary definition for Black Audio Film Collective: A pioneering arts initiative founded in 1982 whose ground-breaking experimental works engaged with black popular and political culture in Britain and cross-examined its new multicultural reality
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Tate glossary definition for black box: Relating to performance art, the black box is the name for a square room painted black in which artists performed experimental work
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Tate glossary definition for Black Mountain College: Highly influential college founded at Black Mountain, North Carolina, USA, in 1933 where teaching was experimental and committed to an interdisciplinary approach
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Tate glossary definition for Bloomsbury: A circle of intellectuals and artists who lived in Bloomsbury, near central London, in the period 1904–40
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Tate glossary definition for body art: Art in which the body, often that of the artist, is the principal medium and focus
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Tate glossary definition for bricolage: The construction or creation of an artwork from any materials that come to hand
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Tate glossary definition for Bristol school: Artists associated with Bristol in the early 1800s and inspired by local scenery especially the River Avon and Avon Gorge
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Tate glossary definition for British impressionism: Artists working in Britain in the late nineteenth-century who were influenced by the ideas of the French impressionists
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Tate glossary definition for British surrealism: Artists working in Britain who were inspired by the subconscious as explored by the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud
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Tate glossary definition for browser art: Art that uses the computer as its medium transforming the codes, the structure of the websites and the links between servers into visual material
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Tate glossary definition for Die Brücke: German expressionist group founded in Dresden in 1905 which developed a radical anti-traditional style
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Tate glossary definition for brushwork: The characteristics of a paint surface applied with a brush
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Tate glossary definition for brutalism: Architectural style of the 1950s and 1960s characterised by simple, block-like forms and raw concrete construction
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