The Baghdad Modern Art Group were a highly influential post-war modern art group founded in 1951 with the intention of promoting an Iraqi form of modernism

The group was founded by artists Jawad Salim and Shakir Hassan al Said. Both artists had trained in Europe and Salim had also worked in the Department of Antiquities and was well versed in pre-Islamic and Islamic art. By incorporating Assyrian, Babylonian and Abbasid motifs into their art they helped define an Iraqi aesthetic after the 1958 revolution.

The group published two manifestos, one in 1951 and one in 1955 in which they attempted to assert a distinctive Iraqi identity.

As well as Jawad Salim and Shakir Hassan al Said, the painter and novelist Jabrā Ibrahīm Jabra was associated with the group.