Founded in 1936, the British Surrealist group, like their European counterparts were inspired by the subconscious as explored by the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud
Soon after forming in 1936, they organised the First International Surrealist Exhibition in London which attracted huge public attention. At the opening Salvador Dalí gave a lecture from inside a deep-sea diving suit.
Nash probably made the most significant artistic contribution to British surrealism, and there are powerful surrealist elements in the work of Henry Moore at that time. Other artists, in the group, included Eileen Agar, John Armstrong, John Banting, Ithell Colquhoun, Conroy Maddox, E.L.T. Mesens, Julian Trevelyan.
In 1947 the British group merged with the French one.