Collaborative means to work together, or in conjunction with another, to engage in united labour
The most common way for artists to collaborate is with other artists. Duos like Marina Abramović and ULAY created works that relied on mutual dependency. Other artists collaborate with individuals from different skill backgrounds like musicians, scientists, or with a wider community.
Collaborative practices gained momentum in the 1960s when artists began questioning the idea of the artist as the sole creator. When artists collaborate they are intentionally blurring the boundaries of individual effort and ego and this can have an impact on the reception of the work of art, and sometimes its financial status as it makes attribution difficult.
Collaborative practices also suggest a paradigm shift in contemporary art production, because the process of making can sometimes be the work itself.