Definitions for terms beginning with the letter D

Marcel Duchamp, 'Fountain' 1917, replica 1964

Dada artists produced satrical and nonsensical art, poetry and performance in response to the horrors and folly of the First World War

Marcel Duchamp
Fountain 1917, replica 1964
Porcelain
unconfirmed: 360 x 480 x 610 mm
Purchased with assistance from the Friends of the Tate Gallery 1999© Succession Marcel Duchamp/ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2002

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Tate glossary definition for dada: Art movement formed during the First World War in Zurich in negative reaction to the horrors and folly of the war often satirical and nonsensical in nature
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Tate glossary definition for data visualisation: Term used to describe the visual representation of information, often statistical
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Tate glossary definition for De Stijl: Circle of Dutch abstract artists who promoted a style of art based on a strict geometry of horizontals and verticals
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Tate glossary definition for decadence: Generally refers to an extreme manifestation of symbolism which emphasised the spiritual, the morbid and the erotic
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Tate glossary definition for décollage: Generally associated with a process used by artists of the nouveau réalisme (new realism) movement that involved making art from posters ripped from walls
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Tate glossary definition for deconstruction: Form of criticism first used by French philosopher Jacques Derrida in the 1970s which asserts that often there are many and conflicting meanings to be found in a work
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Tate glossary definition for degenerate art: Label applied to art that the National Socialist (Nazi) party did not approve of, in an attempt to bring art under their control
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Tate glossary definition for Der Blaue Reiter: German expressionist group originating in Munich in 1909
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Tate glossary definition for digital art: Term for art that is made or presented using digital technology
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Tate glossary definition for diptych: Artwork consisting of two painted or carved panels
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Tate glossary definition for direct carving: An approach to making carved sculpture where the actual process of carving suggests the final form rather than a carefully worked out preliminary model
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Tate glossary definition for divisionism:Late nineteenth century painting technique that involved using tiny adjacent dabs of primary colour to create the effect of light
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Tate glossary definition for documenta: An exhibition of international contemporary art held in Kassel in Germany every five years and considered one of the world’s most important art exhibitions
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Tate glossary definition for documentary art: Term associated with the artists who documented the harsh realities of British life during the Depression in the 1930s
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Tate glossary definition for drawing: A technique in which images are depicted on a flat surface by making lines, though drawings can also contain tonal areas, washes and other non-linear marks
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Tate glossary definition for drypoint: A printmaking process in which a design is drawn on a plate with a sharp, pointed needle-like instrument
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Tate glossary definition for Dusseldorf School of Photography: A group of students at the Kunstakademie Dusseldorf in the mid 1970s who studied under the influential photographers Bernd and Hiller Becher