Definitions for terms beginning with the letter D

Marcel Duchamp, 'Fountain' 1917, replica 1964

Dada artists produced satrical and nonsensical art, poetry and performance in response to the horrors and folly of the First World War

Marcel Duchamp
Fountain 1917, replica 1964
Porcelain
unconfirmed: 360 x 480 x 610 mm
Purchased with assistance from the Friends of the Tate Gallery 1999© Succession Marcel Duchamp/ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2002

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Tate glossary definition for dada: Art movement formed during the First World War in Zurich in negative reaction to the horrors and folly of the war often satirical and nonsensical in nature
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Tate glossary definition for Danseakhwa: The Korean monochrome movement: A formidable movement formed in Korea in the 1950s in an effort to reconcile the influence of Western modernism on Korean artistic culture
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Tate glossary definition for 798 Art Zone (also known as Dashanzi Art District): An artistic community based in an old industrial area of North-East Beijing
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Tate glossary definition for data visualisation: Term used to describe the visual representation of information, often statistical
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Tate glossary definition for De Stijl: Circle of Dutch abstract artists who promoted a style of art based on a strict geometry of horizontals and verticals
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Tate glossary definition for decadence: Generally refers to an extreme manifestation of symbolism which emphasised the spiritual, the morbid and the erotic
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Tate glossary definition for decalcomania: A blotting process whereby paint is squeezed between two surfaces to create a mirror image
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Tate glossary definition for décollage: Generally associated with a process used by artists of the nouveau réalisme (new realism) movement that involved making art from posters ripped from walls
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Tate glossary definition for decolonisation: In an art context, this term is often used to describe the process of reversing the dominance of western art and a move towards a truly global art world
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Tate glossary definition for deconstruction: Form of criticism first used by French philosopher Jacques Derrida in the 1970s which asserts that often there are many and conflicting meanings to be found in a work
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Tate glossary definition for degenerate art: Label applied to art that the National Socialist (Nazi) party did not approve of, in an attempt to bring art under their control
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Tate glossary definition for Der Blaue Reiter: German expressionist group originating in Munich in 1909
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Tate glossary definition for destruction: The act of destroying or mutilating a work of art
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Tate glossary definition for diaspora: A term used to describe movements in population from one country to another
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Tate glossary definition for Diez Pintores Concretos (Ten Concrete Painters): A radical group formed in Havana, Cuba in 1958, devoted to geometric abstraction
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Tate glossary definition for digital art: Term for art that is made or presented using digital technology
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Tate glossary definition for Digital C-print: A digital C-print is the same as a C-print (a colour photographic print), but instead of being made from a colour negative or slide, the process is digital
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Tate glossary definition for diptych: Artwork consisting of two painted or carved panels
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Tate glossary definition for direct carving: An approach to making carved sculpture where the actual process of carving suggests the final form rather than a carefully worked out preliminary model
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Tate glossary definition for disability arts movement: The disability arts movement emerged in the mid 1970s following the groundswell of political activity amongst disabled people in the west during the previous decade
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Tate glossary definition for divisionism: Late nineteenth century painting technique that involved using tiny adjacent dabs of primary colour to create the effect of light
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Tate glossary definition for documenta: An exhibition of international contemporary art held in Kassel in Germany every five years and considered one of the world’s most important art exhibitions
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Tate glossary definition for documentary art: Term associated with the artists who documented the harsh realities of British life during the Depression in the 1930s
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Tate glossary definition for documentary photography: A style of photography that provides a straightforward and accurate representation of people, places, objects and events, and is often used in reportage
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Tate glossary definition for Doual’art: A community orientated organization founded in Douala, Cameroon in 1991 to promote a vision of art as catalyst for social change
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Tate glossary definition for drawing: A technique in which images are depicted on a flat surface by making lines, though drawings can also contain tonal areas, washes and other non-linear marks
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Tate glossary definition for drypoint: A printmaking process in which a design is drawn on a plate with a sharp, pointed needle-like instrument
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Tate glossary definition for Dumb Type: a Japanese multi-media performance art collective founded in 1984, and called Dumb Type because they do not use language in their work
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Tate glossary definition for Dusseldorf School of Photography: A group of students at the Kunstakademie Dusseldorf in the mid 1970s who studied under the influential photographers Bernd and Hiller Becher
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Tate glossary definition for dye destruction print (Cibachrome print, Ilfochrome print): A print made using a photographic printing process in which colour dyes embedded in the paper are selectively bleached away (destroyed) to form a full-colour image