Definitions for terms beginning with the letter F

Giacomo Balla, 'Abstract Speed - The Car has Passed' 1913
Futurist artists such as Balla aimed to capture in art the dynamism, energy and movement of the modern world

Giacomo Balla
Abstract Speed - The Car has Passed 1913
Oil on canvas
© DACS, 2002
Tate glossary definition for fairy painting: Particularly associated with the Victorian period, art that depicts fairies and other subjects from the supernatural
Tate glossary definition for fake: A fake or forgery is a copy of a work of art, or a work of art in the style of a particular artist, produced with the intention to deceive
Tate glossary definition for fancy picture: Eighteenth century paintings that depict scenes of everyday life but with elements of imagination, invention or storytelling
Tate glossary definition for fantastic realism: Group of painters working in the late 1950s in Vienna whose work combined the painterly precision of the old masters with an interest in modern art movements and psychoanalysis
Tate glossary definition for fauvism: Name given to the painting of Matisse, Derain and other artists from their circle from 1905 to about 1910 characterised by strong colours and fierce brushwork
Tate glossary definition for Federal Art Project: An American government programme to give work to unemployed artists during the Great Depression of the 1930s
Tate glossary definition for feminist art: Art by women artists made consciously in the light of developments in feminist art theory since about 1970
Tate glossary definition for Festac: An ambitious festival of arts, music, dance, literature and culture held in Lagos in 1977 which brought together artists from all over Africa and its Diaspora
Tate glossary definition for figurative art: Any form of modern art that retains strong references to the real world and particularly to the human figure
Tate glossary definition for Filmaktion: A loose-knit group of experimental British filmmakers who worked and performed together in the early 1970s
Tate glossary definition for Fin de Siècle: French phrase applied specifically as a historical term to the end of the nineteenth century and more specifically to decade of 1890s
Tate glossary definition for Fluxus: An international avant-garde group or collective that was founded and flourished in the1960s but still continues today
Tate glossary definition for flâneur: French term meaning ‘stroller’ or ‘loafer’ used by nineteenth-century French poet Charles Baudelaire to identify an observer of modern urban life
Tate glossary definition for foreshortening: The treatment of an object or human body in a picture so as to produce an illusion of projection or extension in space
Tate glossary definition for fogery: Forgery is another word for a fake, and describes a copy of a work of art, or a work of art in the style of a particular artist, produced with the intention to deceive
Tate glossary definition for form: Can refer to the overall form taken by the work – its physical nature; or within a work of art it can refer to the element of shape among the various elements that make up a work
Tate glossary definition for formalism: The study of art based solely on an analysis of its form – the way it is made and what it looks like
Tate glossary definition for format: Format is traditionally used to describe the shape or proportions of the support, for example the canvas, of a painting or other essentially flat work of art such as a relief
Tate glossary definition for formlessness: A concept, first introduced by French writer-philosopher Georges Bataille, who argued that art should be brought ‘down in the world’ from its elevated status to its base materialism
Tate glossary definition for found object: A natural or man-made object (or fragment of an object) found (or sometimes bought) by an artist and kept because of some intrinsic interest the artist sees in it
Tate glossary definition for fresco: A mural painting technique that involves painting with water-based paint directly onto wet plaster so that the paint becomes an integral part of the plaster
Tate glossary definition for frottage: A surrealist and ‘automatic’ method of creative production that involves creating a rubbing of a textured surface using a pencil or other drawing material
Tate glossary definition for fumage: A technique in which an image is created by painting with smoke from a lighted candle into a ground of wet paint.
Tate glossary definition for futurism: Italian art movement of the early twentieth century that aimed to capture in art the dynamism, energy and movement of the modern world