Gruppo Origine was a short-lived Italian group (translates as origin group) formed in 1951 to promote a return to simple form and colour in abstract art

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  • Serge Poliakoff, 'Abstract Composition' 1954
    Serge Poliakoff
    Abstract Composition 1954
    Oil on canvas
    support: 1159 x 889 mm
    frame: 1236 x 965 x 70 mm
    Purchased 1961© ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2002
  • Alberto Burri, 'Sacking and Red' 1954
    Alberto Burri
    Sacking and Red 1954
    Acrylic and hessian collage on canvas
    support: 864 x 1003 mm
    frame: 893 x 1030 x 31 mm
    Purchased 1965© Fondazione Palazzo Albizzini Collezione Burri, Città di Castello (Perugia) / DACS 2011.
  • Antoni Tapies, 'Grey Ochre' 1958
    Antoni Tapies
    Grey Ochre 1958
    Oil, epoxy resin and marble dust on canvas
    support: 2603 x 1943 mm
    Purchased 1967© Foundation Antoni Tapies, Barcelona/ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2002

The group was founded in Romein 1951 by Alberto Burri, Ettore Colla, Giuseppe Capogrossi and Mario Ballocco. Critical of what they saw as the increasingly decorative quality of abstract art at the time, they opposed a ‘troubled’ consciousness of the world to the progressivist utopia of the Fronte Nuovo delle Arti neo-cubists and of the formalist abstraction of the Movimento Arte Concreta and Forma I groups.

In their founding manifesto they called for a return to fundamentals:

The Gruppo Origine intends to become the most morally valid point of reference of ‘non-figurative’ expressive needs. By openly renouncing three-dimensional forms, by reducing colour to its simplest, peremptory and incisive expressive function, by evoking pure and elemental images, the Group’s artists express the necessity of a rigorous, coherent, energetic vision [which is] primarily anti-decorative.

They held a group exhibition in Rome at the Galleria Origine in 1951 and disbanded the same year.