Definitions for terms beginning with the letter H

John Singleton Copley, 'The Death of Major Peirson, 6 January 1781' 1783
John Singleton Copley's painting is an example of how the genre of history painting was extended in the eighteenth century to include scenes from modern history

John Singleton Copley
The Death of Major Peirson, 6 January 1781 1783
Oil on canvas
Tate glossary definition for happening: Happenings were theatrical events created by artists, initially in America, in the late 1950s and early 1960s
Tate glossary definition for haptic: Derived from the Greek word (haptesthai) meaning ‘touch’ or ‘contact’, haptic relates to the way in which humans interact by touch with the world around them
Tate glossary definition for hard edge painting: An approach to abstract painting that became widespread in the 1960s and is characterized by areas of flat colour with sharp, clear (or ‘hard’) edges
Tate glossary definition for Harlem renaissance: The flowering of black art, literature and music in the United States and in particular, Harlem,New York, in the 1920s
Tate glossary definition for Heidelberg School: Late nineteenth century art movement named after the village of Heidelberg in Australia where a small group of artists would go to paint en plein air (outdoors and on the spot)
Tate glossary definition for Hi-Red Centre: A short-lived radical art collective that emerged in post-war Japan and was active between 1963 and 1964
Tate glossary definition for history painting: Seventeenth century term describing paintings with subject matter drawn from classical history, mythology, and the Bible – also used in the eighteenth century to refer to more recent historical subjects
Tate glossary definition for Hudson River school: Nineteenth century North American landscape painters who depicted scenes of natural beauty in areas that included the Hudson River Valley and the Catskill Mountains
Tate glossary definition for Hurufiyya: A style pioneered in the late 1940s by the Syrian artist Madiha Omar in which Arabic words or single letters are transformed into pictures
Tate glossary definition for hyper-realism: Term that appeared in the early 1970s to describe a resurgence of particularly high fidelity realism in sculpture and painting at that time