Definitions for terms beginning with the letter M

Pablo Picasso, 'Bottle of Vieux Marc, Glass, Guitar and Newspaper' 1913
Mixed media is used to describe artworks made from a combination of different media or materials



Pablo Picasso
Bottle of Vieux Marc, Glass, Guitar and Newspaper 1913
© Succession Picasso/DACS 2002
Tate glossary definition for magic realism: Term invented by German photographer, art historian and art critic Franz Roh in 1925 to describe modern realist paintings with fantasy or dream-like subjects
Tate glossary definition for Magnum Photos: New York based photographic co-operative founded in 1947 that aimed to give photographers the freedom to record what they saw without having to work to the agendas of magazines and newspapers
Tate glossary definition for mail art: Art movement based on the principle of sending small scale works through the postal service
Tate glossary definition for manifesto invencionista (Inventionist Manifesto): Manifesto published in Buenos Aires in 1946 which heralded the start of the abstract and concretist movement in Argentina
Tate glossary definition for mannerist: Sixteenth century style characterised by artificiality, elegance and sensuous distortion of the human figure
Tate glossary definition for maquette: A model for a larger piece of sculpture
Tate glossary definition for Market Photo Workshop: Founded by the documentary photographer David Goldblatt in 1989, the workshop was originally set up to support black photographers in apartheid South Africa
Tate glossary definition for matter painting: The use of thick impasto paint into which other materials such as sand, mud, cement and shells have been added
Tate glossary definition for medium: Can refer to both to the type of art (painting, sculpture and printmaking) as well as the materials an artwork is made from
Tate glossary definition for momento mori: An artwork designed to remind the viewer of their mortality and of the shortness and fragility of human life
Tate glossary definition for Merz: Nonsense word invented by the German dada artist Kurt Schwitters to describe his collage and assemblage works based on scavenged scrap materials
Tate glossary definition for metal: A solid, hard, opaque material that has been used by sculptors since ancient times
Tate glossary definition for metaphysical art: Early twentieth century Italian art movement typified by dream-like views of eerie arcaded squares with unexpected juxtapositions of objects
Tate glossary definition for Mexican muralism: Term describing the revival of large-scale mural painting in Mexico in the 1920s and 1930s
Tate glossary definition for mezzotint: A form of engraving developed in the seventeenth century which allows for the creation of soft gradations of tone and rich and velvety blacks
Tate glossary definition for miniature: A small painting, usually a portrait
Tate glossary definition for minimalism: Extreme form of abstract art developed in the USA in the second half of the 1960s and typified by artworks made in very simple geometric shapes based on the square and the rectangle
Tate glossary definition for minjung art: South Korean socio-political art movement that emerged in 1980 after the Gwangju Massacre, in which some 200 peaceful demonstrators were killed by government troops
Tate glossary definition for Mir Iskusstva (World of Art): A Russian avant-garde artist group that ran from 1898 to 1905
Tate glossary definition for mixed media: A term used to describe artworks composed from a combination of different media or materials
Tate glossary definition for mobile: A type of sculpture that is formed of delicate components which are suspended in the air and move in response to air currents or motor power
Tate glossary definition for modern moral subject: A type of painting invented by English artist William Hogarth (1697–1764), which satirizes the manners and morals of the period in which he lived
Tate glossary definition for modern realism: Painting or sculpture created since the development of abstraction in modern art but which continues to represent things in a realistic manner
Tate glossary definition for modern modernism: Broad movement in Western art, architecture and design which self-consciously rejected the past as a model for the art of the present
Tate glossary definition for modernismo: Cultural movement founded in São Paulo in the 1920s, as an attempt to create a revolutionary new form of art that was modern and distinctly Brazilian
Tate glossary definition for modular: A term used in relation to minimalism, and refers to a work of art with constituent parts that can be moved, separated and recombined
Tate glossary definition for mono-ha: Pioneering art movement that emerged in Tokyo in the mid-1960s whose artists, instead of making traditional representational artworks, explored materials and their properties
Tate glossary definition for monochrome: Monochrome means one colour, so in relation to art, a monochrome artwork is one that includes only one colour
Tate glossary definition for monoprint: A form of printmaking where the image can only be made once, unlike most printmaking which allows for multiple originals
Tate glossary definition for monotype: A unique image printed from a polished plate, such as glass or metal, which has been painted with a design in ink
Tate glossary definition for montage: An assembly of images that relate to each other in some way to create a single work or part of a work of art
Tate glossary definition for mosaic: A picture made up of small parts which are traditionally tiny tiles made out of terracotta, pieces of glass, ceramics or marble and usually inlayed into floors and walls
Tate glossary definition for motif: A recurring fragment, theme or pattern that appears in a work of art
Tate glossary definition for multi-media: First used in the 1960s to describe mixed media works which included an electronic element
Tate glossary definition for multiple: A series of identical art objects, usually a signed limited edition made specifically for selling
Tate glossary definition for mural: A painting applied directly to a wall in a public space
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