Natural synthesis was an ideology formulated in Nigeria in the late 1950s which advocated a natural, unforced and unconscious merging of the best of indigenous art traditions, forms and ideas with the useful Western ones to create a truly modern Nigerian art

The ideology was formulated by the Zaria Art Society, whose  members were encouraged to investigate indigenous aesthetics and then use them to develop individual styles of expression. A manifesto was published in 1960, the same year Nigeria gained independence from Britain, in which the artist and theorist Uche Okeke set out his desire to see an African art that embraced the rich variety of cultures from ethnic and religious groups living in Nigeria.

Artists associated with Natural Synthesis include Uche Okeke, Demas Nwoko, Jimoh Akolo, Yusuf Grillo, Bruce Onobrakpeya and Simon Okeke.