Definitions for terms beginning with the letter R

Joseph Mallord William Turner, 'Childe Harold's Pilgrimage - Italy' exhibited 1832
Turner's depictions of nature can be seen as part of the Romantic movement in Britain, at its height from about 1780 to 1830

Joseph Mallord William Turner
Childe Harold's Pilgrimage - Italy exhibited 1832
Oil on canvas
Tate glossary definition for rational painting: A style of painting that emerged in the mid-1980s in Northern China and was part of a utopian idea of a new spiritual culture, one detached from history and tradition, and based on rationalism
Tate glossary definition for rayograph: Photographic prints made by laying objects onto photographic paper and exposing it to light
Tate glossary definition for rayonism: An early form of abstract art characterised by interacting linear forms derived from rays of light
Tate glossary definition for readymade: Term used by the French artist Marcel Duchamp to describe works of art he made from manufactured objects
Tate glossary definition for realism: Refers to a nineteenth century art movement characterised by subjects painted from everyday life in a naturalistic manner and also to artworks painted in a realistic, photographic way
Tate glossary definition for Réalités nouvelles: The Salon des Réalités nouvelles (new realities) was an exhibiting society devoted to pure abstract art founded in Parisin 1939
Tate glossary definition for Rebel Art Centre: Founded by Wyndham Lewis in London in March 1914 as a meeting place for artists to discuss revolutionary ideas and teach non-representational art
Tate glossary definition for reception theory: In an art context, reception theory refers to the way an audience actively decodes a work of art
Tate glossary definition for recto / verso: The front and back of a single sheet of paper, or the right-hand and left-hand page of an open book
Tate glossary definition for Reformation: The reform of the Christian Church initiated by Martin Luther in Germany from about 1520 and resulting in the split of the church into Catholic and Protestant sects
Tate glossary definition for Regency: The style of architecture, furniture and decorative art produced from 1811 until 1830, during the Prince Regency and subsequent reign of George IV
Tate glossary definition for relational aesthetics: Term created by curator Nicholas Bourriaud in the 1990s to describe the tendency he noticed in fine art practice to make art based on, or inspired by, human relations and their social context
Tate glossary definition for relief: A relief is a wall-mounted sculpture in which the three-dimensional elements are raised from a flat base
Tate glossary definition for Renaissance: The great revival of art that took place in Italy from about 1400 under the influence of the rediscovery of classical art and culture
Tate glossary definition for replica: A copy of a work of art that is virtually indistinguishable from the original
Tate glossary definition for representational: Blanket term for art that represents some aspect of reality, in a more or less straightforward way
Tate glossary definition for resin: A usually transparent solid or semi-solid substance sometimes used as a medium by sculptors
Tate glossary definition for resistance art: A form of art that emerged in South Africa in the mid-1970s after the Soweto uprising that focused on resisting apartheid and celebrating African strength and unity
Tate glossary definition for Restoration: In relation to art, refers to artworks made in the period immediately after the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 after ten years of Commonwealth
Tate glossary definition for 'return to order': A post-First World War European art movement characterized by a return to more traditional approaches to art-making – rejecting the extreme avant-garde tendencies of art in the years leading up to 1918
Tate glossary definition for rhizomes: A key concept in the thinking of philosopher and psychoanalyst duo Giles Deleuze and Felix Guattari that each manifestation of an idea is a new way of seeing the world, rather than an extension of an older idea
Tate glossary definition for Rococo: Light, sensuous, intensely decorative French style developed in the early eighteenth century following death of Louis XIV and in reaction to the Baroque grandeur of Versailles
Tate glossary definition for Romanticism: Early nineteenth century term describing the movement in art and literature distinguished by a new interest in human psychology, expression of personal feeling and interest in the natural world
Tate glossary definition for rural naturalism: Nineteenth century painting movement characterized by scenes of rural life painted in a realist, often sentimentalised, manner
Tate glossary definition for Ruralists: Group of British artists founded in 1975 who aimed to revive the painting of figure subjects in idyllic rural settings